What Life Has Taught Me by Sir Bertrand Russell

What life has taught me

Bertrand Arthur William Russell, Third Earl Russell (18721970) was a British I philosopher and mathematician. In 1950, he won the Nobel Prize for Literature and was 3 declared as “the champion of humanity and freedom of thought”. He was one of the most influential figures of the twentieth century. His other areas of interest were national and international politics education and economics. His famous work "Principia Mathematica' is regarded as a masterpiece. He was sent to jail for condemning the warring nations from both sides during the World War I (1914-1918). During the World War ll, he supported the AHied cause but condemned the use of nuclear weapons.
Bertrand Russell was considered a role model throUghout the world for his humanism. clear judgment, love of democracy and courage to express his views honestly.
This essay was a remarkable contribution to a bodk of the same name that contained the writings of the most influential personalities of his time. ' '
Bertrand Russell's sphere of interest was mainly logic and mathematics. He was brought up in the Victorian era and had seen toleration. democracy, freedom of opinion and respect for the individual. These were the days when democracy was establishing ‘ itself as the best mode of government in the most civilized parts of the world. it satistied him to some extent. He felt dejected first by the intolerance and cruelty of the Russian government before the Revolution and then by the First World War.
With the passage of time, Russell's support of humanism gathered strength. He wished to give better atmostphere to all the human beings. This is why. he desired a sort of compromise between Western democracy and socialism. Anyhow. he hated dictatorship in any form. He thought that dictatorial rule was a threat to the world peace. Moreover. he
wanted to make the UNO more powerful, committed and effective to ensure lasting peace in the world. This is the lesson that he learnt from his life.
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Reproduce Russell's views on education.
Russell believes in “progressive" education. By progressive education, he means a system that gives respect to the child. The perfect co-operation between the teacher and the pupil will ensure true learning The practice of imposing discipline by force should be avoided Such beliefs should be instilled into the child's mind as are widely accepted
At the same time. Russell acknowledges that many progressive educators neglect things of great importance. They should be careful that the only purpose of education is not to make a man an outstanding individual. Its main aim is also to ' make him a useful member of society. This requires proper learning on the one hand and a social ethic on the other. ‘ ‘
Russell declares in his special style that only this type of education will make an individual a scholar as well as a social being.
Bertrand Russell says that the only problem of grave importance is how to abolish war. The two great wars in forty years caused a large-scale destruction. it was claimed ln the beginning of the First World War that it was being fought to end war from the world altogether. But this assumption (ii/V) proved wrong. This war actually turned out to be the start of a chain of disasters. Russell feels grateful to the UNO that since its constitution no great war has been fought so far. He realizes that there are so many superpowers in the world. They possess nuclear weapons that can destroy the earth within no time. He suggests , that these superpowers should hand over all such weapons to the UN. In this way, the UN Mil become stronger than any superpower and will be able to control were by setting the disputes in the light of international laws.
What are Russell's views about industry and commerce?
Two systems regulate the economy of the world, i.e., capitalism and socialism. Russell tinds faults with the both. Capitalism generates the industrialists too much interest in money He sometimes turns inhuman Socialism, on the other hand bases its theories on the principle of justice alone. It altogether ignores the value of liberty.

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